Along with the baby’s growth is all the bumps and bumps. Although we can’t replace their injuries, we can choose to use professional home care to deal with the injuries in the baby’s growth. Today, Bai Bai safety net will introduce 15 Ways to deal with the common injuries of babies to baopa and Baoma, hoping to help parents take care of their babies better!

First aid and prevention of children’s home injury

I. skin abrasion

Most of them are skin damage caused by falling or collision, and the most outer skin is abraded. Generally, there is not much bleeding, maybe only bleeding, but it is painful.

Immediate processing method:

1. If the wound is clean, apply some iodophor or hydrogen peroxide to protect the local area, and expose the wound to let it dry naturally.

2. If the wound is stained with mud or unclean, clean it with clear water or light salt water first, then apply iodophor, expose the wound and let it dry naturally.

3. If the wound is stained with broken glass or metal debris, go to the hospital for treatment if the cleaning is not clean.

4. Do not cover the wound, such as band aid. In this way, the secretion of the wound is not easy to dry, but easy to cause suppuration.

2. Skin laceration

Most of them are caused by serious fall or collision, resulting in complete tear of skin epidermis and dermis. In general, there are more bleeding, irregular wound, and children’s wounds are more common in the head, jaw and limbs.

Immediate processing method:

1. Use a clean towel, gauze or handkerchief to press the bleeding part of the wound to stop bleeding.

2. Send to the hospital for debridement and suture.

3. Do not fill the wound with anything, such as toothpaste, flour or cotton, which may bring bacteria into the wound and cause infection and suppuration, or even septicemia.

4. Do not apply medicine on the wound at will, let alone let the wound be stained with water.

III. cutting and stabbing

Most of them are injured when children play with knives, scissors, needles and other sharp tools, or when they fight with each other, they are accidentally injured by sharp tools. Generally, it can damage epidermis, dermis and even large blood vessels. The wound is neat and clean, and there is more bleeding when the big blood vessels are injured.

Immediate processing method:

1. If the wound is shallow, the wound is linear and there is not much bleeding, clean gauze can be used to bandage, or paste band aid and Yunnan Baiyao to stop bleeding.

2. If the wound is open or bleeding is obvious, or the wound is afraid of affecting the beauty on the face, in addition to using clean gauze or handkerchief to press tightly to stop bleeding, then go to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible. If the wound is sutured with non-invasive suture, the traces after wound healing can be minimized.

3. If the wound is very deep or the sharp tool is not clean, it is easy to cause the growth and reproduction of tetanus bacteria, you should go to the hospital to inject tetanus prevention needle as soon as possible.

IV. joint ligament injury

Most of them are caused by falling, collision and sprain, which mainly occurs in the joint of landing. Generally, there is pain or slight swelling in the injured area, but there is no tenderness in the bone above and below the joint.

Immediate processing method:

1. If the injured skin is not damaged, cold towel or cold water can be used for local cold compress for about 1 hour.

2. Do not knead with your hands at will, or do hot compress.

3. If it is still swollen and painful 48 hours later, hot compress can be applied to the injured part; or traditional Chinese medicine, such as safflower oil, can be applied to the injured part to promote blood circulation and remove stasis.

4. If the pain is aggravated, the activity is obviously limited, and the crying of the child is obvious, the patient should go to the hospital in time.

Five, fracture

Most of them are caused by serious fall or collision, and children’s fracture is usually blue branch fracture. For children, the most obvious manifestation is that they dare not move, and have obvious redness, swelling, pain, and crying very much at the same time.

Immediate processing method:

1. The injured part of the child should be braked, that is to say, the affected limb should be kept in the original position, and it is not allowed to move randomly or do any more activities.

2. Children’s fractures are mostly at elbows or wrists, which are relatively stable and light in weight. They need to be braked first and sent to the hospital as soon as possible.

3. If it is a lower limb fracture, first place a piece of cardboard or board under the fracture limb, the length of which exceeds the upper and lower joints of the injury; then use a wider bandage or long towel to fix and bind the legs to avoid the movement of the affected limb and aggravate the fracture, and then send it to the hospital quickly.

4. If there is bleeding at the fracture, bandage the wound with a wide bandage to stop bleeding. However, the bandage should not be too tight or too loose. It should be relaxed once every 3-5 minutes to prevent the blood circulation of the tissue below the injury site from being affected, resulting in ischemia and necrosis.

5. If you don’t do preliminary treatment, call 120 or 999 immediately and ask for professional doctor’s assistance.

6. Joint dislocation

The joint fossa of children is shallow, the strength of tendon is weak, joint dislocation is easy to occur after stress, and elbow subluxation is more common. Dislocated expression is affected limb cannot move suddenly, dare not extend straight, can’t turn outwards, and the child cries not only. Moreover, once dislocated, it is easy to occur repeatedly after stress.

Immediate processing method:

1. To judge whether the child’s joint is dislocated, tentatively hand something to observe whether one arm is always extended to take it.

2. In case of dislocation of children’s joint, the family can’t handle it by themselves, and send it to the hospital or find a Chinese orthopedic doctor for reduction treatment.

Seven, fall

Falling is a very easy accident for children, many of them are less than 1 year old. When children grow to 2 years old, they are most likely to climb up and fall down. Some babies are also easy to fall off the bed after they learn to turn over or crawl.

Immediate processing method:

1. Children are very scared and crying after falling. Family members should keep calm and pacify the little baby’s mood. At the same time, after holding the neck with one hand, put one hand under the hip flat on the bed to protect the cervical spine and head.

2. Observe whether there is any change in mind, vomiting and other discomfort.

3. Observe whether the limbs have joint ligament injury or fracture, and deal with the abnormality accordingly.

4. If there is swelling on the head, apply cold compress locally, do not use hand rubbing.

5. If the baby is not in good spirits and has vomiting for 1-2 days, accompanied by headache, pale complexion or even coma, it shall be sent to the hospital in time without delay.

VIII. Bite or scratch

Nowadays, there are incidents of being bitten or scratched by cats or dogs. In addition, children may bite others when they quarrel. Because there are bacteria in the mouth, there will be swelling and infection at the bite site, which will also cause serious reactions of the whole body.

Immediate processing method:

1. Immediately wash the bitten part with water or hydrogen peroxide.

2. Go to the hospital and inject tetanus prevention needle and rabies vaccine within 24 hours.

3. If the bitten or scratched part bleeds, the family members should press the injured part to stop bleeding without any other treatment.

9. Being stung by bees

There are many kinds of mosquitoes and wasps in the environment where children live. When they sleep or play, they may attack them and damage their skin.

Immediate processing method:

1. Family members should not squeeze the bursa on the top of the stab or massage to avoid the spread of toxin.

2. Stick the adhesive tape to the injury, and then tear it to bring out the small thorn.

3. When the prick is not pulled out, tighten the skin with fingers to expose the prick more, and then pull it out with tweezers.

4. After pulling out the thorn, scrub it with soapy water to neutralize the acid venom.

5. Soak the gauze in the vinegar containing boiled water, squeeze out the excess water and apply it to the wound, neutralize the venom and relieve the pain.

6. When the thorn cannot be pulled out, ask the doctor for treatment.

10. Bitten by a snake

Snakes are widely distributed in China, especially in the south. Take children to outings or outdoor activities, sometimes accidentally bitten by snakes. It is very dangerous to be bitten by poisonous snake, so it is urgent to deal with it effectively.

Immediate processing method:

1. Immediately press the upper part of the wound tightly with your hand, and quickly tie the upper part of the wound with a handkerchief or cloth belt.

2. After ligation, let go for 2-3 minutes every 20 minutes, and then release ligation after taking effective snake medicine.

3. The wound must be washed with water immediately after ligation. If hydrogen peroxide is used, it is better.

4. Suck out the venom from the wound with a sucking device or a fire pot.

5. At the same time of wound treatment, take effective snake medicine orally and externally.

6. Cold compress the wound area within 24 hours after the bite to slow down the absorption of toxin.

7. After emergency treatment, immediately send to the hospital for treatment without delay.

Xi. Medication by mistake

Children are not yet sensible, but also have strong curiosity. If adults are a little careless or neglect the storage of drugs, they may take drugs by mistake. Some drugs are very toxic. If they are not handled in time, they will soon endanger lives.

Immediate processing method:

1. If children take general drugs by mistake, they can use fingers to stimulate throat to induce vomiting, and then immediately send to hospital for gastric lavage.

2. If the drug is highly corrosive, drink milk, thick rice soup or raw egg white immediately to protect the gastric mucosa, and then send it to the hospital for rescue.

3. When going to the hospital, take the wrong medicine and bottle with you, and provide the doctors with rescue information as much as possible.

12. Suffocation

Foreign body entering the trachea by mistake is a common accident in infants under 3 years old. Once it happens, it is very dangerous. If it is not treated in time, it will soon suffocate, leading to a bad outcome.

Immediate processing method:

1. Don’t clap your back when coughing, which will cause foreign matters to enter the depth of the trachea.

2. If the foreign body is small and round, such as orange nucleus, etc., the baby can immediately hold up and clap the back, and at the same time push and press the hand from top to bottom in the chest, so as to promote the foreign body to enter one side of the bronchus, so that the trachea is connected with the other side of the bronchus, so as to alleviate the cyanosis caused by hypoxia.

3. For older children, stand behind him and press the upper part of navel with hands to push upward and press inward to make the foreign body cough out.

4. No matter the cyanosis is relieved or the foreign body is coughed up, it should be sent to the hospital for rescue at the same time.

XIII. Burns

In the face of an instant burn, Mommy often panicked, but the most important thing at this time is to quickly judge and identify the injury so as to take corresponding measures.

Immediate processing method:

1. Handle properly at the first time, for example, if the clothes are on fire, put them out quickly with coats, blankets, etc.; take off the clothes or cut off the clothes at the scalded place carefully immediately after the hot water scald.

2. When the clothes and skin stick together, cut off the clothes that are not adhered, and take the adhered clothes to the hospital for treatment to prevent aggravating the wound.

3. The scalded wound should be washed with flowing water immediately and soaked in cold boiled water or clean cold water for 30 minutes. Then apply the burn cream.

4. Send to hospital immediately after emergency treatment, especially for burns on face, hands, legs and genitals, and infants under 1 year old.

5. When the burn is serious, send the child to the hospital to lie on his or her back, do not hold him or her upright, and drink some light sugar and salt water.

6. Do not spread soy sauce on the wound to avoid infection.

XIV. Electric shock

Children are curious about power pins and wires. They often touch these dangerous goods when adults can’t take care of them. Therefore, children often have electric shock accidents.

Immediate processing method:

1. Cut off the power supply immediately, and do not use your hands to pull the children who are shocked. If you can’t cut off the power immediately, use insulation such as a stick to make the child leave the power.

2. Do artificial respiration and heart massage quickly.

3. Burn the local area and send it to the hospital for treatment at the same time.

15. Foreign bodies entering ears, nose and eyes

Foreign bodies enter the ear and nose, most of them are children’s own, causing chronic otitis media or chronic rhinitis and other injuries. In addition, small flying insects, dust, etc. often fly into the eyes, causing infection or abrasion.

Immediate processing method:

1. When the foreign body enters one ear, lift the ear wheel backward and upward, straighten the ear canal and tilt the head to the affected side to make the foreign body slide out.

2. If it is a small flying insect that can be irradiated with a flashlight, the small flying insect will fly out naturally.

3. When the foreign body enters the nose, help the children to wipe the nose and discharge the foreign body.

4. When the foreign body enters the eye, if the tears do not flush out the foreign body, wash it with boiled water or normal saline, and gently open the upper and lower eyelids with the thumb and index finger.

5. If the foreign body is on the conjunctiva, especially on the black eyeball, it should be rubbed lightly. If it is not rubbed out, please ask the doctor for treatment. Do not rub the eyes with hands or handkerchief.

6. None of the above methods has any effect. Please ask a doctor to handle it.

The above are 15 injuries of children at home, and immediate treatment is the key. Small trauma can be treated by itself, but it should also be treated properly, otherwise secondary infection may occur. If you want to know more about how to prevent children from bumping at home, you can go to Baibai safety net to search!