Spring is the peak season of interior decoration. If improper decoration leads to interior decoration pollution, it is likely to cause diseases. Data from Beijing Children’s Hospital showed that 90% of children with leukemia had been decorated within half a year. According to the international health organization, more than 4 million people around the world die from indoor air pollution every year, and the most important factor causing pollution is oily paint. Today, we are going to talk about more pollution in children’s rooms. Five strategies to help!
Reserved pollution of material use
At present, parents have paid attention to the choice of materials for decorating children’s houses, but in fact, it is not the only way to meet the environmental requirements for decorating children’s houses with all environmental protection materials. Why is that? Song Guangsheng, director of China Indoor Environment Monitoring Center, said that this is the problem of reasonable choice of decoration design scheme. Because the children’s room is generally small, if too many materials are used, it will cause the increase of harmful substances released by materials. Therefore, when determining the family decoration design scheme, attention should be paid to the space bearing capacity, indoor fresh air volume and reserved pollution advance.
Reasonable calculation of housing space capacity. At present, all kinds of decorative materials on the market will release some harmful gases. Even the materials that meet the national standard for the limit of harmful substances in interior decoration materials will cause the situation that the harmful substances in the indoor air exceed the standard in a certain amount of indoor space. Therefore, in terms of what materials are laid on the ground, whether the wall is painted or pasted with wallpaper, the size of the furniture volume and the selection of materials, we should consider the bearing capacity of the materials in the room space, and try to use simple decorative materials when decorating the children’s room.
According to the national indoor air quality standard, the indoor fresh air volume should be no less than 30 cubic meters per hour per person. Indoor fresh air fans and air conditioners with ventilation functions shall also be installed in children’s rooms.
Reserve pollution advance for indoor purchase of children’s furniture and other decorative articles. Because indoor air pollution is the accumulation of all kinds of pollutants in the indoor air. If the indoor harmful substances are already above and below the national standard at the end of the decoration project, then if you buy furniture and other decorative articles again, these articles will also release harmful gases, which will cause the indoor pollution substances to exceed the standard.
Children’s room safety is always the first
Careful selection of glass in children’s room decoration
Among the decoration and decoration materials of children’s room, the glass has the biggest potential safety hazard. Although the state stipulates that safety glass needs to pass 3C certification to be sold in the market, the glass sales in the market are mixed. Some fake and inferior glass only meet the tempering requirements in thickness, but the glass technology does not meet the requirements. According to the introduction, it is likely to burst if the toughened glass fails to pass the standard, and the nature of children is active. Multiple collisions will increase the possibility of glass bursting, so the glass should be used as little as possible or not in the children’s room.
In addition, furniture will produce toxic and harmful gases, such as formaldehyde, ammonia, benzene and lead; carpets, bed blankets and plush toys will cause dust mite pollution; paint on wooden toys will cause lead pollution; plastic toys have excessive volatile substances. Therefore, from the current general decoration of children’s rooms, we should also pay attention to the following three types of decoration materials: first, try to use less stone tiles. This kind of materials should pay attention to their radioactive pollution, especially some natural stone materials such as granite, which have a high content of radioactive materials, should be strictly controlled, preferably not used. Second, choose water-based wood paint. Especially the furniture paint in children’s room is the main source of benzene pollution in indoor air. Choosing water-based materials can fundamentally solve the problem of benzene pollution. Third, strictly control the wood-based panel materials. For example, children’s room inside a variety of composite floors, large core boards, veneers and density boards. This is the main source of indoor formaldehyde pollution. On the one hand, it is necessary to control the amount of formaldehyde used. On the other hand, it is necessary to eliminate formaldehyde during decoration.
Green construction is particularly important
After construction and processing, decoration materials have completely changed in shape, and the release of harmful substances in decoration materials will inevitably change. The real impact on the release of harmful substances is the processing and composite process of materials. In recent years, the indoor environmental monitoring center has found that the indoor environmental pollution of children’s room caused by the unreasonable construction technology is also prominent. At present, there are two major technical problems:
Floor pavement problems, some families and kindergartens worry that the composite floor is too thin, children play on it is cool, so they use big core board to pave lining under the composite floor. It is very common to use this technology to cause indoor environmental pollution. The main reason is that the big core board and other wood-based boards paved under the floor contain formaldehyde, which can not be closed and ventilated, and the use area is relatively large, which causes indoor formaldehyde pollution that is not easy to remove. In terms of wall coating, according to the requirements of national specifications, when the wall coating works are carried out, the base treatment should be carried out. Some construction personnel use the technology of painting varnish to carry out the base treatment, and a large number of diluents are added during painting, which inadvertently causes serious indoor benzene pollution, and it will volatilize in the room for a long time, which is not easy to remove.
Five countermeasures of children’s room pollution
1. The decoration of children’s room shall be scientific, environmental friendly and pollution-free. In particular, we should pay attention not to hit the floor, not to lay carpet, not to do ceiling, less use of colored paint and paint.
2. Attention shall be paid to the furniture selection of children’s room: select according to the national standard; at the same time, pay attention to the volume of furniture not exceeding 50% of the room; pay attention to the strict edge sealing and double-sided board for wood-based panel furniture; when children’s clothes are placed in the new furniture, they shall be closed packed.
3. Pay attention to the ventilation of children’s room. In order to ensure safe ventilation, windows with up rotation ventilation device should be installed, and rooms with poor ventilation should be installed with fresh air ventilation device. Every day should ensure that the morning and evening ventilation, each time should be more than half an hour.
4. Pay attention to prevent formaldehyde pollution of children’s articles and clothes. Such as room curtains, new clothes, cloth furniture, cloth toys and so on.
5. Do a good job in the prevention and treatment of indoor environmental pollution. The newly decorated children’s room should be ventilated and purified. According to different seasons, it should generally be ventilated for 15 to 30 days. According to the national standard, we should check in again after passing the test. We must listen to the experts’ opinions and select qualified purification and treatment products to prevent secondary pollution.
&At the beginning of decoration, you have excluded these pollution sources. In addition to the later treatment work, you can minimize the decoration pollution and create a healthy living environment
& nbsp; if you want to know more about what kind of children’s protective fence is, please lock the next continuous update of Baibai safety net!