Among the unqualified furniture, the unqualified detection rate of children’s furniture and wooden furniture is higher, 50% and 32% respectively. The unqualified items of children’s furniture are mainly structural safety and warning signs; the unqualified items of wooden furniture are mainly formaldehyde emission, cigarette burning resistance and sign consistency. So how can we buy qualified children’s safety furniture!
Solid wood vs board
Solid wood furniture needs to know whether it is all solid wood furniture, solid wood furniture or solid wood veneered furniture. Adhesive will also be used in the boards of all solid wood furniture, which has the problem of formaldehyde emission; solid wood furniture and board wood furniture will also involve formaldehyde emission. In addition, furniture will generally be painted, but also to consider whether the content of harmful heavy metals is excessive.
As panel furniture is generally veneered, wood-based panel furniture is the same as solid wood veneered furniture, generally only its formaldehyde emission needs to be considered. Liao Guifu, technical director of the furniture inspection room of the quality inspection center, said that the reasons for the excessive formaldehyde in the furniture were: first, the formaldehyde in the furniture material itself exceeded the standard; second, the use of poor quality adhesives; and third, the oil spray paint. Formaldehyde is a volatile gas, so furniture should be ventilated for at least one month before use. At the same time, children’s furniture should be purchased with less adhesive.
The color depth has nothing to do with harmful substances
Most parents don’t know that paint may contain heavy metals in painted furniture. When asked if it contains heavy metals, salespeople usually emphasize that the brand uses European or Australian water-based paint, which conforms to European or domestic standards, so as to prove that the furniture surface does not contain heavy metals or contains heavy metals. “The surface of our furniture can be chewed by children.” Said one of the salesmen. But experts remind consumers not to just listen to the one-sided words of the salesperson, it depends on whether the seller can provide a certificate free of benzene, lead, mercury and other heavy metals.
In fact, the more colorful the furniture, the more heavy metals it contains is wrong. If it is wood-based panel veneer furniture, the color of furniture is the veneer itself, there is no heavy metal. As for solid wood furniture, no matter whether it is colorless or colored, as long as it is painted, it will contain heavy metals, which has nothing to do with the depth of color. For the heavy metal content of the paint, the manufacturer should have a test report, and consumers can pay attention to the inspection when purchasing.
In fact, the full name of water-based paint is water-based wood paint, which is a relative concept with paint. In terms of environmental protection, the content of lead, mercury, chromium and other heavy metals in waterborne paint is far lower than that in oily paint, but there are also some heavy metals more or less. Therefore, in terms of environmental protection performance, water-based paint is really much more environmentally friendly. There are also many colors of waterborne paint, no matter whether it is clear oil or mixed oil, the content of harmful substances on its surface is the same, which has nothing to do with the color depth. Even if water-based paint is used, it is still recommended that consumers check the relevant test reports when purchasing.
Low formaldehyde content ≠ environmental protection
Formaldehyde content low ≠ environmental protection, do not let children’s home to children become a child safety hazard. Children’s furniture with low formaldehyde content is environmental protection furniture, and there are not a few parents who hold this view. In furniture stores, salesmen usually emphasize the formaldehyde content of furniture when they introduce the environmental protection performance of furniture. As for other aspects of environmental protection, such as benzene and heavy metal lead, most salesmen would not mention them if the reporter did not ask.
In fact, environmental protection is only a relative concept. For furniture, the state has a corresponding limit standard for harmful substances, and the correct expression should be that the amount of harmful substances released by furniture reaches the standard. For example, in the regulations, the harmful substances contained in wood furniture are formaldehyde emission and heavy metal content in paint; the harmful substances in cloth furniture are benzene and some volatile organic compounds; the harmful substances in soft furniture such as mattress are formaldehyde and bacteria; and stone furniture has requirements for radioactivity.
Although the state has relevant regulations, but the products on the market are not all qualified products, there will still be some unqualified products, once the harmful substances exceed the standard, it will pollute the indoor environment, causing harm to the body. As children are less resistant, their health is more vulnerable. Therefore, when consumers purchase furniture, they should not only pay attention to the formaldehyde emission, but also pay attention to the content of harmful substances according to the corresponding furniture materials.
Unqualified children’s furniture looks beautiful, but it has visible danger and invisible danger. The visible danger can be prevented, while the invisible danger is more likely to cause harm to children and families. If you want to know more about how to prevent children from bumping at home, you can log in to Baibai safety net, and more details are waiting for you!