Recently, the temperature changes a lot in this season. Some days are as hot as summer, and some days have dropped again. In this weather, babies are most likely to get sick. And as the temperature warms up, the water content in the air is also getting higher and higher. Many bacteria and viruses dormant in winter are also gradually active. How to take good care of the baby’s health in such changeable weather, so as not to let their health be bothered by the weather change? This is to do a good job in disinfection work, then, how does the mother do a good job in home disinfection work when children are sick?
The ultraviolet light in sunlight has a good natural bactericidal effect. The article can be directly exposed to sunlight for 6 hours, and can’t be sterilized through the glass window. Therefore, children’s pillows, bedding, blankets, cotton trousers, woolen trousers, toys, etc. can often be exposed to the sun to reduce bacterial reproduction and prevent pathogens from invading the body. When exposing to the sun, we should pay attention to turning the objects so that all sides can be directly exposed to the sun and play a role in disinfection.
Boiling disinfection method is mainly suitable for children’s tableware and boiling utensils, such as milk bottles, chopsticks, spoons, gauze, towels, etc. This method is simple and reliable. Usually, the tableware or utensils are immersed in water and boiled for 20-30 minutes, which can play a bactericidal role. If it is tuberculosis, typhoid, viral hepatitis and other patients’ tableware or residual soup can be sterilized by boiling, and then boiling for more than 30 minutes after boiling, it will play a role in disinfection and sterilization.
There are many kinds of drug disinfection, because the drug disinfection is related to the dilution ratio or concentration of the drug, otherwise the effective components of the drug can not be used well and the purpose of disinfection can not be achieved. So the general family prepare some commonly used disinfectants.
(1) 70% alcohol has the highest germicidal efficacy.
70% alcohol concentration is suitable for skin disinfection. This concentration can also be used for immersion of forceps, tweezers and thermometer, and can be used for standby after immersion. Note that the immersion solution should be replaced twice a week and sealed for preservation, so as to avoid alcohol evaporation and failure. 95% alcohol is used for burning sterilization, such as forceps, pliers and other emergency use can use this method. Generally less than 70% alcohol can not play a role in disinfection and sterilization. 50% alcohol can be used to wipe the skin of long-term bedridden patients to prevent bedsore; it can also be used for high temperature and cooling bath.
(2) iodine wine has strong bactericidal and fungicidal effects.
It is suitable for the disinfection of skin before venipuncture and operation and for the early anti-inflammatory of furuncle. When using, apply 2% iodine wine to the skin to be disinfected, wait for 20-30 seconds, and then deionize with 70% alcohol. If the iodine concentration is too high, it will cause skin burn. Therefore, the mucous membrane parts, such as perineum, anus, scrotum, eyes, mouth, nose, etc., as well as the young baby’s delicate skin, should be disinfected with iodine as little as possible. Especially those who are allergic to iodine should not be contacted.
(3) bleaching powder is often used for disinfection of drinking water, tableware, spittoon, bedpan, etc.
0.003% ~ 0.015% was used for drinking water disinfection. For example, if the well water surface diameter is 1 meter and the water depth is 0.3 meters, 1-3 grams of bleaching powder should be added. It can be drunk in 30 minutes. 0.5% is used for disinfection of tableware, spittoon, bedpan, etc., generally soaking for 30 minutes. If the food utensils of the children with hepatitis are soaked in 1% – 2% bleaching powder for 1-2 hours, and 1% – 3% are used for spraying disinfection of the walls, floors and furniture of the children’s rooms. For the excrement of hepatitis and other infectious patients, dry feces should be 2:5, loose feces should be 1:5, stirred, covered and placed for 2 hours; for urine, 0.5-1g bleaching powder should be added for every 100ml, placed for 10 minutes, then buried or poured into the toilet. Because bleaching powder has the function of fading and corroding metals, it should be avoided to contact with non-ferrous clothing and metal products when using. For example, the cloth should be cleaned immediately after disinfection to avoid corrosion. The solution should be prepared temporarily, and it is easy to lose efficacy after long-term storage.
Parents and friends should improve the awareness of disease prevention, strengthen the health protection of family members, and prevent children from some infectious diseases to the maximum extent. If you want to know more about disinfection of children’s bedding, you can go to Baibai safety net to search!