Parents often let them watch TV alone when they are doing housework and inconvenient to take care of their children. Some parents said that although not for a long time, the children can be very focused in a short time, and parents can do their own things at ease. But let the child fall in love with TV but don’t know what to do. So how to avoid the old children and small children watching TV “injury”?
People all over the world depend on TV
Watching TV is a major pastime all over the world. According to the study from the University of Navarra in Spain, the average Briton spends four hours a day watching TV, while the average American spends five hours, while two-thirds of the overweight people in the United States spend up to eight hours a day watching TV. In addition, 99% of American families have TV, and the average family has more TV than people, about 2.4:1. Average American children watch three hours of television a day, sometimes more than eight hours. In the course of a year, watching TV far exceeds their time in class. When the researchers asked 4-6-year-olds “would you like to watch TV or stay with your father”, 54% of the children said they prefer TV. Besides children, the old man is another loyal fan of TV. According to a survey in the United States, people over the age of 65 spend about six hours watching TV, three times as much as young people.
Chinese people are also very dependent on TV. According to the survey of Chinese residents’ cultural consumption tendency, among 6443 respondents, “watching TV” ranked first with 62.6% of the total. According to a survey conducted by life times and Sina health channel, although 81.4% of people think that watching TV “sedentary and immovable” affects their health, nearly a quarter of people watch TV for more than five hours a day. 12.45% of Chinese children spend more than two hours watching TV every day, and the proportion soars to 61.4% in winter and summer holidays, according to the survey report on outdoor activities of children in urban China. According to the 2011 survey report on the living conditions of the elderly in Xi’an, 96.3% of the elderly put “watching TV” first in their daily entertainment, and they “watch it at least once a day”.
Old people and children become the biggest “victims”
When TV becomes the closest “playmate” of children and the elderly, they unconsciously fall into the invisible harm of TV. For the elderly, health hazards bear the brunt.
Break the rules of life and affect sleep. Yang Ping, Secretary General of the senior Psychology Professional Committee of the Chinese society of Gerontology, told reporters that many old people like watching TV dramas. They watch TV for hours before watching it. Their life rules are often disturbed. They can’t sleep when they should go to bed and forget to take medicine when they should take medicine, which is very harmful to their health. There are many old people sleeping while watching TV, so the brain can not enter deep sleep, can not guarantee sufficient and effective sleep.
It’s easy to get angry. Family dispute programs are very popular with the elderly. When they see the war between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law, property disputes, and children’s failure to support the elderly, many elderly people will take their seats. After watching them, they will feel depressed, angry, anxious and uneasy. The study found that the elderly who are often surrounded by negative emotions are more likely to be affected by diseases.
More lonely. The old man’s social circle is very small. If he watches TV at home for a long time and doesn’t go out to communicate, he will have fewer and fewer friends and fall into deep loneliness. Yang Ping said that in some families, two old people watch one TV each, and they communicate less and less with their partners. If they don’t talk for a long time, they will become more withdrawn.
Cause Alzheimer’s disease. Watching TV belongs to passive reception of information, lack of active participation, the old people’s response will become slower and slower after a long time, memory will become poor, and the risk of Alzheimer’s will increase.
Cause physical discomfort. Sitting and watching TV for a long time, less activity, no stress on bones for a long time, no exercise on heart and lung function and muscles, and easy to appear symptoms such as lumbago and leg pain, cervical discomfort, etc., which may lead to obesity, osteoporosis and muscle degeneration.
For children, in addition to the health hazards such as eyesight and obesity, the negative effects of television on mental health and personality should be paid more attention.
Growing up easy to be bullied. A study conducted by Professor Linda pagney from Montreal University and the Central Hospital of St. Justin University in Canada found that every extra hour of watching TV for two hours would cause potential damage to children ‘ More cowardly.
Poor grades and monotonous interests. A study published in the journal Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine found that children who watched TV regularly before the age of three had lower test scores. It’s hard for them to be interested in the outside world. Even if they learn to draw and play piano, they often give up halfway.
Poor social skills. British research has found that children spend a lot of time watching TV, greatly reducing their chances of contact with the outside world. Being alone for a long time and accompanied by TV all day will cause the baby’s psychological development to be blocked, indifferent to the surrounding things, poor social communication ability, lonely personality, and serious abnormal psychological state.
Language development is slow. The study found that television can’t help children’s language learning. This is because the purpose of children’s language learning is for communication. The most critical factor in language development is the direct communication between people, while the language in TV is one-way.
How can I watch TV without hurting myself
Facing the increasingly serious health problems brought by television, health experts all over the world are calling for people to reduce the time of watching TV, especially children. Medical experts at the Royal College of paediatrics believe that this fact deserves enough attention. However, except for the United States, Canada and Australia, most countries in the world do not have regulations and requirements for children’s watching time. In the United States, relevant health departments are working to reduce children’s TV watching time, gradually reaching the age of 0-2 years old children do not watch, while under 18 years old children should watch TV less than 2 hours a day, and under 10 years old children should watch TV within half an hour each time.
Experts said that parents should set an example, reduce the time of watching TV, take more children to communicate with friends, carry out outdoor activities or read books. In the limited time of watching TV, parents should also accompany their children to talk about your views on the program, and don’t let watching TV become a lonely game. Don’t watch TV while eating. Distraction can suppress appetite and lead to malnutrition in the long run. For the old people who have been accompanied by TV, we must control the time well, no more than 4 hours a day. Zhang hude, a professor in the health room of Beijing University of traditional Chinese medicine, suggests that you should get up and stand for a while every 20 minutes, and you can also put your feet on a lower stool to relax your legs. In addition, the elderly with high blood pressure and coronary heart disease, it is better not to watch the programs or competitions with great sadness and joy and intense plot. When watching TV, try to avoid sitting on the soft sofa for a long time. It’s better to choose the hard back chair. Remember to blink more while watching TV.
According to the research report from Massachusetts Institute of technology, the height and distance of TV are also important. The center of the TV screen should be 3-5cm below the horizontal line of sight of the viewer, so as to avoid muscle fatigue in the neck caused by looking up or down. The larger the TV is, the farther the viewing distance will be. The safe distance is the TV size × 0.1. For example, 42 inch TV, at least 4.2 meters away, so it’s comfortable to watch. Therefore, the choice of TV should be proportional to the living room area. If the living room or bedroom area is not large, it is better not to put too much TV.
Therefore, in normal times, we should accompany the elderly and children more, so that they will not always be accompanied by TV, and then be hurt by TV. If you want to know more about children’s home electric shock prevention knowledge, this website has a lot of relevant knowledge for you to find, hope to help you!