Children’s tuberculosis is something many parents are afraid of. It is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is especially harmful to children’s health. So how to effectively prevent children’s tuberculosis? The following small series to answer for you, I hope to help you.
How to prevent tuberculosis in children
1. It is the key to control the source of infection in early detection and treatment of tuberculosis smear positive children.
2. Universal BCG vaccination.
3. If there is close contact with children with open tuberculosis in the family;
Classification of tuberculosis in children
1. Primary tuberculosis
2. Hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis, including miliary tuberculosis and subacute and chronic hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis.
3. Invasive tuberculosis, caseous pneumonia and tuberculoma are also of this type.
4. Chronic fibrocavitary tuberculosis
5. Tuberculous pleurisy
Symptoms of tuberculosis in children
In addition to the current history, past history and BCG vaccination history, special attention should be paid to the family history. A positive contact history of tuberculosis is helpful for diagnosis. In addition, attention should be paid to the history of acute infection before the onset of tuberculosis, especially measles, pertussis, etc., which are often the causes of tuberculosis. In addition, it is necessary to ask if there have been any past manifestations of tuberculosis allergy, such as erythema nodosum, herpetic conjunctivitis and tuberculin positive Reaction and so on.
The main symptoms of children are low fever and tuberculosis poisoning, and the symptoms of respiratory system are not obvious, such as cough, phlegm, hemoptysis or dyspnea, which are more serious symptoms.
The physical signs of the lung are not obvious, which is not in proportion to the pathological changes in the lung. Only when the lesions are widespread or have cavities, can they have corresponding signs. The superficial lymph nodes are slightly or moderately swollen, and the liver and spleen can be slightly swollen. In addition, attention should be paid to whether there are highly allergic manifestations, such as erythema nodosum, herpetic conjunctivitis and scrofulous face.
The above is how to effectively prevent children’s tuberculosis. There are many knowledge about children’s safety in the network’s children’s safety education knowledge base. Interested friends can continue to pay attention to the content of the network, so as to make children grow healthily.