No matter at home or at school, no one wants to see any accidental injuries to their children. But in fact, young children are young, like to explore, and have more curiosity. It is easy to have some small accidents. How to deal with these accidents when children are injured is particularly important. Next, let’s talk about the common sense of emergency treatment for children’s accidental injury in life.
Common sense of emergency treatment for children’s accidental injury in life
SOS: poisoning first aid
If the child is poisoned by ingestion of poisons, immediately wrap the fingers with soft cloth, disposable towel or facial tissue paper, and take out the poisons left in the child’s mouth. At the same time, keep the child’s left lying position, which can delay the emptying of gastric contents, and also keep the airway unobstructed, which is conducive to the discharge of vomitus. For children exposed to toxic substances, immediately wash the contact area with soap and running water to remove the juice of plants. For the children poisoned by inhalation, they should be taken away from the poisoning site immediately. If the children have lost consciousness, they should be rescued immediately according to the emergency measures of accidental suffocation.
SOS: first aid for electric shock
In case of an electric shock, never pull the child or wire. Be sure to cut off the power supply quickly first, and do not pull it directly by hand. Otherwise, it will not only fail to save the children, but also hurt the adults.
The most important thing is to turn off the power before touching the child. If it can’t be turned off, you can use thick and dry clothes, wooden sticks or dry towels around the child’s feet to push or drag the child away. After the child is disconnected from the power supply, the child should be moved to a place with good ventilation as soon as possible, and then sent to the hospital for further treatment.
SOS: first aid for puncture injury
First of all, use tweezers to take out small objects that are easy to grip as soon as possible. If it is a small object that is not easy to take out, or the object is too large, or inserted too deep, you need to ask a doctor or inform 120 emergency center, and do not reluctantly take out or move these objects. If necessary, the object can also be fixed with a strap to prevent it from rotating, moving or causing further damage. You can then wash the child’s wounds with clean water. Sometimes, although the puncture object has been taken out, it has actually caused internal bleeding and even infection.
SOS: first aid for epistaxis
Once the child’s nose bleeds, help him stop bleeding in time. First, let the child sit down and calm his emotions. Then use the thumb and the other finger to completely clamp the soft part of the nose and gently press the nose in the direction of the facial bone. Keep the pressing position for 5 minutes, and do not stop pressing to see if the bleeding stops. After 5 minutes of compression, gently release the nose to prevent further epistaxis. After the bleeding stops, keep the child quiet or slightly active for at least 30 minutes. Of course, remember to remind the child not to blow his nose to prevent the bleeding again.
SOS: first aid for fracture and dislocation
In case of fracture and dislocation of the joint, never move or move the child at will, because it may cause further dislocation of the injured part and rupture and bleeding of the blood vessel due to compression. First of all, ask him if the injured part can move. If he says yes, it just feels a little bit painful, it usually means that the injury is not serious. In this case, let the child choose a comfortable position to rest, and then cover the injured part with a layer of cloth. Cold compress the injured part with an ice bag every 2-3 hours within 24-48 hours after the injury, which can reduce the pain, bleeding and swelling of the injured part, but the time of cold compress should be 20-30 minutes. Elastic bandages can also be used to press the injured area, which can limit the further accumulation of blood and other fluids to the wound, causing more serious swelling. In addition, several pillows can be used to raise the injured part, preferably higher than the heart, so as to reduce the accumulation of blood to the injured part and the degree of swelling. If the situation is serious, an ambulance should be called immediately. Before the ambulance arrives, some simple bandages can be made to fix the injured parts, which is conducive to the further treatment of doctors.
When the accident happens, the parents often panic, some take all kinds of wrong ways, and the result is contrary to their wishes, which increases the children’s pain, and even leads to irreparable serious consequences. Therefore, it is necessary for parents to learn and master some on-site first aid methods If you have any questions about children’s home-based knowledge, such as electric shock prevention, please continue to pay attention to Baibai safety net children’s home-based electric shock prevention common sense column.