The body of the newborn is very small, soft and slippery. It must be a real surprise when baopa and Baoma bathe the baby. In fact, the baby’s first bath should be completed by a nurse. At this time, what baopa and Baoma should do is to see clearly and ask clearly. So what are the bathing methods and nursing knowledge of newborns?
I. what should the newborn prepare before bathing?
The first thing to do is to prepare all the articles needed for bathing. For example, disinfect the umbilical cord (before the umbilical cord of the newborn is dropped), pre changed baby bags, clothes, diapers, small towels, large bath towels, bathtubs, cold water, hot water, baby powder, etc. At the same time, check your fingernails to avoid scratching your baby, and then wash your hands with soap.
The new baby is delicate. He has just left the most stable mother’s womb, so he has to carefully imagine an ideal environment and suitable temperature for him. It is better to keep the room temperature between 26-28 ℃ which is the most comfortable, and the water temperature is about 37-42 ℃. Pour cold water into the basin first, then heat the water, and then try with your wrist or elbow to make the water temperature just right.
It’s worth noting that when bathing, you should avoid the frontal blow of gust to prevent cold sickness. Bathing time should be arranged 1-2 hours after breast-feeding, otherwise it is easy to cause vomiting.
2. How to wash the face and head of the newborn correctly?
In the first week after birth, when the baby’s umbilical cord does not fall off, the “staged bathing method” can be used:
Take off the baby’s clothes and wrap them on the chest and abdomen to keep warm temporarily. Start to wash your face, hair and neck. Be careful not to let water flow into your ears. Use your left elbow and waist to hold your baby’s buttocks, left palm and left arm to hold your baby’s head, and use your right hand to wash it slowly.
Wash face: use the gauze or towel to wash face and wipe gently.
Eye wash: wipe from inner corner to outer corner.
Wash forehead: gently wipe the forehead from the center of eyebrow to both sides.
Ear washing: gently wipe the auricle and the back of the ear with a towel wrapped in your fingers.
Shampoo: pour the baby’s special shampoo which is not irritating to the eyes on the hands, then gently rub and wash the baby’s head, and pay attention not to touch the baby’s scalp with fingernails. If there is dirt on the scalp, baby oil can be applied on the baby’s head before bathing, so that the scale can be softened and easily removed. Then wash the shampoo on the newborn’s head.
3. How to wash the newborn when bathing?
If the umbilical cord of the newborn has not fallen off, wash the upper and lower body separately to avoid wetting the umbilical cord and causing inflammation. Wash the upper body first, take the same position when washing the hair, wash the neck, armpit, chest, back, arms and hands of the newborn in turn. Then wash the body, lean the head of the newborn against the left elbow socket, hold the left thigh of the newborn with the left hand, and wash the perineum, buttocks, thighs, calves and feet of the newborn in turn.
Because the broken end of the umbilical cord of the newborn is a wound, if the nursing is not proper, bacteria can enter the human body through the umbilical part to cause septicemia, which threatens the health of the newborn. Therefore, the main care of the navel is to keep it clean and dry. When bathing, do not touch the navel. Then use 75% alcohol cotton stick to disinfect the root of the umbilical cord and the surrounding skin, and then cover it with disinfectant gauze (no need to cover the gauze after the umbilical cord is dry).
If the baby’s umbilical cord has fallen off, then after washing the face and head and neck, put the baby under the neck into the bathtub to form a supine posture. After washing from top to bottom, change the baby to a prone position to wash the back and buttocks and anus. Finally, take your hands as a support, hold your baby’s shoulders firmly, lift him out of the water, put him on a large bath towel, and dry his whole body.
During the whole process, the wrinkles and bending parts of the body should be washed and dried with special attention, and the action should be gentle to make the baby feel safe.
IV. how to take care of the newborn after bathing?
When wrapping the baby’s whole body with a bath towel, the umbilicus can be left out, and the umbilicus can be cleaned from the middle to the outside with an alcohol cotton stick. Pay attention to keep the umbilicus dry and clean. If the navel is red, purulent or has an unpleasant smell, it should be treated by a doctor.
Usually in the wrinkle of the skin, you can put some talcum powder on the baby to make him feel dry and comfortable. Apply skin care oil to the baby’s buttocks to prevent diaper rash caused by urine stimulation.
Put on diapers and clothes for the baby. However, the baby should not be tightly wrapped in the “candle pack”, and should relax his hands and feet, so that he can move freely, which is conducive to breathing and blood circulation, so as to promote growth and development.
If the baby’s face skin is dry, you can also apply a small amount of moisturizing oil on the face to keep the skin moist and smooth. It is worth noting that the baby products such as skin care oil and talcum powder sold on the market can be used appropriately only when there is no disease on the baby’s skin. And these oil or powder can not be directly sprinkled on the skin of the newborn, it should be sprinkled on your hands first, and then on the baby.
If the skin has rash, red buttocks and other conditions, it is the most important to keep dry and apply medicine according to the doctor’s instructions. At this time, if you use these oils or powders, it will be a redundant irritant for your baby, but it is harmful and useless.
In a word, the newborn baby should take a bath well. Here are the detailed nursing methods. You can use them for reference. If you have any questions about children’s health habits and other home-based knowledge, please continue to pay attention to Baibai safety net children’s personal health and safety common sense column.