Children are the Pearl of every parent’s eyes, and they will take good care of them. However, careful care can not guarantee 100% of the children will not get sick. In the ward of Pediatrics, the most frequently asked questions by parents may be the children’s care. How can the family sterilize properly if there are children at home?
Isolation of sick children is a means to avoid infection, and disinfection is also a necessary means to avoid the spread of disease.
Generally, things used by sick children must be disinfected before reuse. In addition to plastic and glass products, the tableware of sick children can be boiled with 1% alkaline water for 20 minutes, and the non-metallic products can be soaked in 1% bleaching powder supernatant for 30 minutes. 2% alkaline water or soapy water can be used for disinfection of utensils, 3-5% Lysol water or 0.2-0.5% bleaching powder can be used for scrubbing. The sick children’s dirty handkerchiefs and dirty clothes should be scalded with boiling water, washed and dried in the sun. The bedding should be exposed outdoors for more than five hours. After contact with the sick child, use 3% lessone’s hand to soak for two minutes, or use soapy water to brush the hand.
How to disinfect raw fruits and vegetables?
Many kinds of vitamins and nutrients contained in vegetables and fruits are often destroyed and lost after cooking, so raw food is beneficial. Moreover, raw food of vegetables, fruits and fruits, with a different flavor, is also a kind of enjoyment. However, at present, in the process of growing, collecting, transporting and selling vegetables and fruits, there are opportunities to be polluted by pathogens, parasites and pesticides. Therefore, eating raw vegetables and fruits that have not been cleaned by appropriate methods may cause parasitic diseases and intestinal infectious diseases. Many agricultural drugs, such as 1059, 1605 and other pesticides containing arsenic, lead and phosphorus, may infect human body It is very toxic and can remain on crops for a long time after application. If it is eaten without treatment, it may also cause pesticide poisoning. Therefore, it is necessary to disinfect and decontaminate vegetables and fruits carefully before eating them raw. Generally, clean water is used to soak the fruits and vegetables to be eaten for 3-5 minutes, then wash them under flowing water, and finally scald them with boiling water before eating, which is very effective for reducing bacteria and removing pollution pesticides. In order to ensure the effect of disinfection, peeled fruits should be peeled as much as possible before eating. When peeling is not possible, besides washing with clear water, necessary disinfection should also be carried out. 0.1-0.5% Peracetic acid solution is commonly used, and the soaking time is required to be 10-30 minutes, which has good killing effect on bacteria and hepatitis virus; or 0.1% potassium permanganate solution is used for 20-30 minutes. After the above disinfectant is soaked, it shall be rinsed with cold boiled water. The raw fruits and vegetables treated with the food detergent sold on the market should also be washed with clean water. Never eat rotten fruits.
How to wash and disinfect tableware?
Digestive tract infectious diseases are often spread through bowls, dishes, chopsticks, spoons, milk bottles, nipples, etc. Therefore, the washing and disinfection of tableware plays an important role in the prevention of gastrointestinal infectious diseases.
The tableware should be washed with warm water to remove the greasiness, or washed with water after removing the greasy dirt with the detergent sold on the market, and then boiled in boiling water for 10-20 minutes (or 30 minutes). After taking out the tableware, air dry the water. The points to be noted are as follows:
(1) the tableware disinfected with boiled water does not need to be wiped dry with a rag, because the rag often contains bacteria, which pollutes the tableware instead. At the same time, the dishcloth should also be washed regularly with soap or detergent, boiled and dried before reuse.
(2) the tableware washed with alkaline water, soap and detergent must be thoroughly washed with clear water to avoid the influence of long-term ingestion of residual detergent on health.
(3) there are many bacteria in the air, so don’t expose the child’s tableware directly to the air. Cover it with sterilized gauze or put it in a clean dining cabinet for next use.
(4) in the epidemic season of digestive tract infectious diseases or when there are infectious patients at home, it is required to disinfect the tableware once per meal.
We try our best to operate according to the above, which has a great effect on the prevention of baby diseases. I hope you can face it calmly and live a positive and happy life! If you want to know more about children’s bedding need to be disinfected, this website has a lot of relevant knowledge for you to find, hope to help you!