The cold wave from the North came one after another, and the little dolls at home were also wrapped round and rolling. However, many parents said that the babies were wearing warm clothes, but still failed to resist the invasion of the virus king. So how to prevent baby’s stuffy nose?
The nose is stuffy and runny, with slight redness on both sides of the alar, some with fever.
Because the baby’s temperature regulating center is not perfect, the nasal mucosa is tender and weak, the respiratory tract has poor resistance, and it is easy to catch cold. Subsequently, the nasal mucosa developed acute edema, causing nasal congestion.
About half a month after birth, the baby starts to supplement cod liver oil in proper amount; 4 months after birth, the baby starts to add supplementary food and vitamin A, which can be fed with liver mud, carrot mud and vegetable mud, so as to enhance the defense ability of respiratory tract.
When using air conditioning, the indoor and outdoor temperature should not be too different. The baby’s room should be about 28-30 ℃.
Put warm and wet towel on baby’s nose for hot compress (not too hot), twice a day, about 15 minutes each time.
In addition to nasal congestion, purulent nose, mouth opening breathing and other nasal symptoms, the more serious are fever, headache, sore throat, restlessness and other symptoms.
The baby’s repeated upper sensation can affect the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses, make it congested and swollen, increase secretion, and block the ostium of the sinuses to cause acute sinusitis.
If the baby has a feeling, should be actively treated.
In case of acute sinusitis, take the baby to the otolaryngology department to see a doctor in time, and select antibiotics reasonably under the guidance of the doctor, so as to cure thoroughly and prevent recurrence.
The baby’s nasal congestion is serious. Under the guidance of the doctor, use 0.5% ephedrine and furacilin drops cautiously. Drop one drop from each nostril 10-15 minutes before taking milk. Generally, a few minutes can work. However, ephedrine has side effects on children, so it is not suitable for excessive or long-term use, so as to avoid atrophic rhinitis and affect the olfactory sensitivity of nose.
. when the baby has a lot of purulent nose, please ask the doctor for replacement therapy to remove the purulent secretion from the sinuses.
The eschar adheres to the outer or deep part of the nasal cavity and blocks the narrow nasal passage.
There is a normal amount of secretions in the nasal mucosa every day. Because the baby can’t blow his nose and the mother doesn’t clear the secretions in the nasal cavity in time, the secretions will accumulate in the nasal tract. After a long time, the accumulated secretions will dry and harden to form a nose scab.
Remove nasal secretions for baby in time. If there are more secretions, use a nasal aspirator.
Do not pick the baby’s nose with your hand when removing the nose scab, so as to avoid damaging the delicate nasal mucosa and causing bleeding and infection.
Correct method: if the nose scab is blocked at the nose opening, it can be gently removed with a small sterile cotton swab. If the nasal scale is deep in the nasal cavity, first drop 1-2 drops of normal saline, cold boiled water or breast milk into the nostril to make the nasal scab slowly wet and soften, then gently squeeze the nasal wing to make the nasal scab gradually loose, and then use the sterilized cotton swab to remove the nasal scab.
Most of them are blocked in one side of the nasal cavity, with poor ventilation; if the secondary infection occurs, the mucus will gradually become purulent; if the foreign body stays for too long, the nasal mucosa will be eroded, with granulation, bleeding snot and odor.
Two or three year olds are curious. Sometimes they play with small stones, small wooden blocks, small whistles, buttons, small rubber heads, bottle caps, and paper balls. They like to put these small things in their noses; sometimes they eat sunflower seeds, peanuts, fried beans and put these things into their noses. Because the baby’s nasal cavity is small, these things can’t be taken out by themselves, and they dare not say to their parents. Later, they forget that the foreign matters will stay in the nasal cavity. Some babies suffer from eczema of the nasal vestibule. Because of the itching, they use the plug to rub to relieve the itching.
. educate the baby to form a good habit of talking about hygiene. Don’t put things in the nose. Once they are stuffed, tell parents in time and take out the foreign matters as soon as possible.
Parents should pay attention to observing the baby’s breathing, and take the baby to see a doctor in time once finding that one side of the baby has a blocked nose, or there is an unexplained purulent snot or a bad smell.
There are two types of allergic rhinitis: seasonal and perennial. Perennial allergic rhinitis can occur all year round, which is caused by fungi, dust mites, insect secretions, animal fur, etc.
Avoid contact with dust, mites, fungi, animal fur, feathers and other allergens. If you don’t use down pillows, duvets and Simmons mattresses, don’t let your baby get close to cats, dogs, birds and other pets. In the season of pollen spreading, do not take your baby to the place where flowers and trees are flourishing, let alone pick and smell flowers and plants.
. the room is often equipped with wet dedusting, open windows for ventilation and keep the air fresh.
Don’t give your baby spicy food, fried food and seafood, don’t drink too much; eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, drink more boiled water.
Often take the baby to outdoor activities, develop a good habit of washing face and hands with cold water, improve the body’s adaptability and resistance to external climate change, which is conducive to disease prevention.
Under the guidance of doctors, systemic and local antiallergic drugs were used.
In this way, there are many ways to wash your baby’s face and hands in cold water in autumn and winter to prevent disease. But parents should try to treat and prevent it in time! If you want to know more about what health habits children need to cultivate, you can log in to Baibai safety net, more details are waiting for you!