The parents should do a good job of health care when they are distressed by their children’s fever. If the child has a fever of more than 38.5 ℃, it is necessary to take children’s antipyretics. So what are the main antipyretics for children?
It is basically divided into four types, namely, water agent, tablet, suppository and injection. According to the composition, there are six types of children’s fever reducing drugs:
It is a new antipyretic drug, which is superior to its safety and fast antipyretic speed, and has significant antipyretic and analgesic effect. What’s more, its side effects are very few. Compared with paracetamol, it has less gastrointestinal stimulation. Both of them are the anti fever drugs recommended by the World Health Organization. If a child’s temperature exceeds 39 ℃, the effect of using them will be better than that of paracetamol. Generally used for children over 3 years old with fever and high temperature.
Method of administration: 5 to 10 mg / kg at a time according to the weight, 6 to 8 hours can be taken again, no more than 4 times a day.
The medicine effect of this kind of drugs is also very significant, with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and other effects. But parents need to be reminded that its risk coefficient is high, and it is reported that it has the risk of serious liver damage, which is forbidden for children under 12 years old.
As the most long-term antipyretic, its effect is very good. But its side effects can not be underestimated, can seriously stimulate the gastrointestinal tract of children, and even induce ulcers and other diseases. Therefore, the relevant laws in the UK stipulate that children under the age of 16 are not allowed to use the drug. In China, it is also gradually eliminated.
4. Paracetamol (paracetamol)
It is a relatively safe antipyretic for children, and it is also the most commonly used substance. Its advantage is that after 30 minutes of oral administration, the antipyretic effect is immediate, and the adverse reactions are less, the safety is higher, so many parents will be prepared at home. For children aged 0 to 2, doctors generally recommend this kind of medicine, which can be taken with milk or juice. But these drugs have a shorter time in controlling body temperature.
Taking method: take 10 to 15 mg / kg once per 4 hours, no more than 5 times per day.
5. Compound aminopyrine (diazepam)
It is a kind of injection with remarkable effect, which is most commonly used in clinic. However, the use of such drugs has the potential risk of inducing acute hemolytic anemia, rash and so on. In addition, if the dosage is exceeded, it may cause excessive sweating, hypothermia and even collapse. Therefore, such drugs should not be used in infants and young children, and older children should be cautious.
It is a kind of drug that is not recommended. Its antipyretic effect is very significant, but its side effects are also very prominent. Therefore, its use scope is limited to severe illness, acute high fever and no other drugs are available. And it has cross allergic reaction with aspirin. Some people may have allergic reaction when taking it, even cause shock or death. So I’d like to remind you parents not to use analgin easily until you have to. It is understood that 27 countries have implemented a series of measures to prevent or restrict the use of analgin. But in our country, we can still see the use of such drugs, which needs to be paid great attention.
Bai Bai safety net compiled for you to sort out the common sense about children’s antipyretics. In addition, we have a lot of knowledge about children’s diseases. If you are interested, you can continue to pay attention to it, so that children can grow up healthily.