Some young parents often think that TV promotes children’s language development and expands their vocabulary. Infant period is the period of children’s language acquisition. TV pronunciation standard, beautiful music and vivid pictures can better attract children to imitate and understand, so as to improve their language ability. In fact, there are differences between children’s watching TV and reading. What are the differences?
Is there any difference between watching TV and reading?
There are many obvious differences between watching TV and reading, including:
1. Watching TV is the opposite of reading. Due to the relationship of advertisement, most TV programs are divided into eight minute segments (Sesame Street is shorter), which makes the audience only need a short time to focus. On the contrary, when children read books, they need to focus for a long time. A good children’s book must be able to attract children’s attention continuously, rather than interrupting it. And in order to attract the audience to watch the content after the advertisement, every paragraph should try to create some climax. Although the content of the book also provides a climax to attract readers, it is not as much as TV, but rather a more essential and profound description of the characters. In addition, the use of the TV remote control worsens the interruption of attention. According to statistics, compared with households without remote control, households with remote control use turntable once every 3 minutes and 26 seconds on average, while the former use turntable once every 5 minutes and 15 seconds; households with higher income use turntable three times more than those with lower income.
2. For younger children, watching TV is a non social experience, while reading requires interaction. A 3-year-old child sitting in front of the TV passively receives information and easily ignores what happens around him. When the program is broadcast, even if the parents or other children talk with him, it is difficult for the dialogue to continue. On the contrary, when a 3-year-old reads a book, he often has his parents, elder brothers and sisters or grandparents around him to read it to him. He can participate in the discussion during the story or after reading the book. At this time, the child is also a participant, not just receiving information.
3. TV deprives children of the opportunity to use the most important learning tool – questioning. Children can get the best learning effect by asking questions. A five-year-old (usually alone or with siblings) watches TV for an average of more than 20 hours a week, during which time he doesn’t ask any questions, and certainly won’t get any answers.
4. TV deprives children of the most important course of language learning – dialogue with their families. Research shows that children who have just graduated from kindergarten but have not yet attended the first grade have spent nearly 6000 hours watching TV or video, during which time they have hardly talked with anyone. 58% of families watch TV during dinner time, and 53% of teenagers have their own TV, and often watch TV alone in the room, so TV is indeed the biggest obstacle to family dialogue.
5. TV causes misunderstanding of children’s concept. In his book teaching as a conserving activity, Neil Postman points out that all TV advertisements imply the wrong idea that any difficulty in life can be easily solved. Whether it’s anxiety, diarrhea in general, nervous tension or a cold, just a pill or a spray can solve it. TV can’t encourage people to think about the problem itself from the beginning to the end, instead, it makes people willing to use the least effort to solve the problem. Let’s think about it. From the age of 1 to 17, children have been exposed to 350000 TV ads (that is, 400 times a week). The cumulative impact is quite large. It makes children think that solutions to problems in life can be bought with money.
6. Compared with other forms of print (comics, children’s books, newspapers and magazines, etc.), the vocabulary taught by TV is the least. A survey of eight of the most popular TV shows for teenagers found that the average sentence used on TV is only seven words per sentence (18 words in the local newspaper I read). Since television is a media that mainly provides images, we can compare it with children’s picture books:
From this we can see that watching TV can’t replace reading. We still need to cultivate children’s good habit of reading books. As the saying goes, “read thousands of books, travel thousands of miles”, that’s the reason. If you want to know more about electric shock prevention for children at home, please continue to pay attention to the recent update of Baibai safety net.