The problem of baby cleaning is always closely concerned by the mother, because it is related to the baby’s own health and future development. As a qualified parent, there are many small details to pay attention to, so how to bathe the baby?

When bathing your baby, you must pay attention to five principles

One is to wash and protect the baby gently. Usually, it is necessary to protect and lubricate the skin to avoid skin damage caused by friction and external force. The strength of bathing and touching should be based on the skin not getting red.

Second, the secretion speed of the sebaceous glands of the newborn decreased rapidly after birth, and the sebaceous glands should be preserved as much as possible during washing. The fetal fat of the newborn does not need to be washed away. Do not remove the sebum excessively when bathing. Babies aged 0-3 usually take a bath once a day, while premature babies can take a bath once every two days. When the temperature is over 30 ℃ and the baby is prone to perspiration, you can appropriately increase the number of baths, but it is better not to exceed twice.

Third, the bath products used by the newborn born only one month can not be irritating to the eyes.

Fourth, in order to prevent red buttocks, in addition to reducing cleaning times and keeping buttocks dry, infants should not use adult alkaline bath products, nor use cleaning solutions and supplies containing solvents such as alcohol and other ingredients. Neutral products should be used to avoid damaging the pH value of the baby’s skin and the normal colony on the skin surface.

Fifth, to maintain the high moisture content of the baby’s skin, we need to reduce the water loss through the epidermis, and we should choose moisturizing products that pay attention to the moisturizing effect.

Experts point out that there are structural and functional differences between the skin and hair of newborn babies and adults. The total thickness of cuticle plus dermis was 0.9 mm in premature infants, 1.2 mm in term infants, 2.1 mm in adults, and 43% – 51% in infants.

Structurally, the cuticle of infant skin is composed of layers of cells similar to adherent cells, about 15 layers, while that of adult skin is 20-25 layers. The dermis of the infant is thinner than that of the adult, the elastic fibers are less and immature, the collagen components are different, and the cross-linking between collagen and elastin has not been formed.

How to bathe the baby during lactation?

It is more appropriate to bathe the baby than to bathe it. It’s not just a matter of words, because the main point of bathing is to wash the words. The key point of bathing is to bathe in water. Therefore, when bathing the baby during lactation, you must not rub it vigorously. You must rub it gently and leisurely. The cutin on the surface of baby’s skin is very soft!

Before entering the tub, the baby should wash his hips. Around the small buttocks, the wrinkles between the legs, and the passage for defecation and defecation, you should use a warm and wet cotton ball dipped in some lotion to gently wipe. Don’t rub, change the cotton ball from place to place. It is beneficial to wipe off the oily excreta and water-soluble secretions that are difficult to remove with the lotion. The high-quality lotion also has the function of resisting bacteria.

After washing the small buttocks, cover the baby with diapers, then undress the baby and wrap the big bath towel into the tub. Corner of the eye, bridge of the nose, mouth, ears, these places should be gently wiped with a warm and wet cotton ball. Every time you wash a part, change the cotton ball once or twice. It should be noted that when washing the ears, first use a dry cotton ball to gently plug into the baby’s ear hole to prevent water penetration into the middle ear, causing otitis media.

Wash your face and then your hair. To wash the baby’s hair, hold the baby’s head with your hand, gently touch the baby’s head with your hand, and pay attention not to touch the baby’s roof, not to scratch the scalp.

Next, you can untie the baby’s diaper, take away the bath towel wrapped around the baby, and start to wash the baby’s body. It should be noted that the baby’s armpits, elbows, fingers, navels, legs, toes and other places should also be gently wiped with cotton ball. Baby’s chest, back, buttocks and other parts, the mother can directly touch with the palm of her hand. After washing, dry the baby with a dry towel. Be careful not to use a wet towel.

In a word, we suggest that when the temperature in summer exceeds 30 ℃ and the baby is particularly prone to perspiration, you can appropriately increase the number of baths, but it is better not to exceed twice. If you have any questions about children’s health habits and other home-based knowledge, please continue to pay attention to Baibai safety net children’s personal health and safety common sense column.